May 20, 2011, 06:30 PM
here's some school papers I written on human behavior:
that addresses this topic and explains why "Naruto's dream of peace" is impossible in the real world
“Us Versus Them”
This research paper addresses the vast and complex compendium of humanity’s timeless-ageless inability to get along with and understand one another. It addresses the causes of our ignorance and intolerance of each other. Our hatred and conflict with each other. This paper is about the very psychology of the behavior of humanity that has remained static for our entire history of existence. “Ever since man first stood upright, we have continued to write our blood-stained history. (M.S.Gdw. anime series).” With a number of credible, authoritative, and professional literary and scientific sources and extensive data, this paper will examine the complexity of the psychology of humanity’s most defined and enduring behavior, our conflict with each other, our human nature of “Us Versus Them”.
“Us Versus Them” is a monstrous problem that has plagued our entire human history and continues to do so even today. This research paper will examine and analyze this problem. First, we will look at some of the broad causes of “Us Verses Them”; our biological behavior, our economic behavior, our sociology behavior, and our differing philosophical worldviews. Second, we will look at specific targets of hatred, such as “race” (nationality/ethnicity), “affiliations” (political, religious, social, and economic), “gender” (societal role and sexual orientation), and “weaknesses” (disabilities, age, diseased or having a weak immune system, poor/weak at speaking or being not socially skilled, and unattractive physical appearance). Third, we’ll look at the psychology involved with the manifestations of the negative physical acts. Within each of these three topics, there will be literature reviews, data, discussions, and conclusions. So, now we’ll be first looking at the fundamentals; humanity’s biological, economic, social, and philosophical behaviors.
Literature Review and Data
According to (McConnel, Brue, and Flynn, 2009), “Biologically, people need only air, water, food, clothing, and shelter. But in modern society people also desire goods and services that provide a more comfortable or affluent standard of living” (p. 3) and we, in our economic rational behavior, compete over these needs and wants due to “Scarce economic resources mean limited goods and services. Scarcity restricts options and demands choices. ...Economists call such sacrifices opportunity costs” (p. 4), but we do so purposefully as “Economists assumes that human behavior reflects rational self-interest. Individuals look for and pursue opportunities to increase their utility–the pleasure, happiness, or satisfaction obtained from consuming a good or service” (p. 4). Also, according to Coon and Mitterer (2009), “...humans are social animals...” (P. 622) and “Social psychology is the scientific study of how individuals behave, think, and feel in social situations” (p. 622). Lastly, according to Washburn (2008), philosophy is the love of wisdom, which is knowledge or understanding (p. 2), and as humans, we strive to gain knowledge and understand the world we live in, and thus construct our own worldviews and ideologies (p. 5).
Discussion and Conclusion
Humans, as living organisms, biologically have needs such as air, food, water, sleep, shelter, and clothing, and the right to them, as we, like all life, have the right to stay alive. Also, as humans, we behave economically, we make our decisions in a rational and opportunist fashion, and we have needs (socialization) and wants (“material goods” like an expensive car) that extend beyond our basic needs for life and survival. As social animals, our behavior is ruled by other humans, by society, the “Iron Cage”, and we are born being completely helpless and dependant as we know nothing and are capable of performing only the basics of life (body functions, like for example, respiration and reflexes) and sucking and crying as babies, unlike many other organisms that are less helpless and less dependant. However, we can learn almost anything, as we are completely and a very capable “blank slate”. There’s very little genetically (“nature”) that affects us, it is almost entirely learned (“nurture”). We are taught to be what we will become by other humans. We are molded by other humans, we don’t mold ourselves. Sociology is the bridge from a human baby to a human adult. Other humans make, define, develop, mold, train, and teach us into being who are or will become, as we have actually very little control over ourselves and who/what we become, due to the “Iron Cage” of society. Lastly, we have our philosophical worldviews and ideologies, such as political, religious, social, and ethical, that influence, guide, or determine our behaviors.
In conclusion, human behavior is already extremely complicated and conflicting, without even getting into the psychology of human beings yet! But, let’s next look at some specific targets of hatred before we delve into the psychology behind our hatred and our manifested behaviors and actions that arise and occur from our hatreds.
Literature Review and Data
According to Elmore (The Psychology of Hate Crimes), “While hate groups can pose a serious threat to communities, research suggests that the vast majority of offenders are not members of organized hate groups. Additionally, recent data suggest that over 50% of perpetrators of hate crimes are under age 25. According to the U.S. Department of Justice (2001), 31% of hate-based violent offenders and 46% of hate-based property offenders from 1997-1999 were under age 18.” (p. 3).
Racial hatred is a serious problem and according to (Anonymous) (Open Hearts, Open Minds: The Keys to Tolerance, 2009), “I hate white people, the Latina girl spat at her white teacher. You hate me?, the teacher asked in disbelief. You don’t know me.”, “Respecting and appreciating other people may not sound hard to do - but obviously, it is still a challenge for many people around the world. Intolerance of different ways of thinking and different ways of life has led - and continues to lead - to the loss of human rights, war, and genocide.”, and “After 9/11 many people demonstrated intolerance of Muslims.” According to Elmore (The Psychology of Hate Crimes), “Many reported crimes are motivated by racial bias. In 2007, more than half of the 7,621 single-bias crimes reported to the FBI (50.8%) were racially motivated. Of 1,256 hate crimes in 2007 motivated by bias based on ethnicity or national origin, the FBI found that 61.7% were anti-Hispanic. And, in 2007, the FBI reported that 18.4% of hate crimes based on race stemmed from anti-white bias.” (p. 2).
Religious hatred is another serious problem, and according to Elmore (The Psychology of Hate Crimes), “Bias and violence against Arab and Muslim Americans reached its height after the tragic events of 9/11. It is estimated that there were more than 700 violent incidents targeting Arab or Muslim Americans or those perceived to be Arab or Muslim Americans in the first nine weeks following 9/11. Due to a lack of understanding of religious differences, Sikhs have been mistakenly targeted as Muslims. Since hate crimes are defined as real or perceived group membership, these incidents are considered hate crimes. Most religiously motivated hate crimes are acts of vandalism, although personal attack are also common. In 2007, the FBI reported that the great majority of these crimes were directed against Jews (68.4%), followed by anti-other religion (9.5%), and anti-Islamic (9.0%) hate crimes.
Gender and sexual orientation related hatred is also a serious problem, and according to Elmore (The Psychology of Hate Crimes), “In 2007, there were 1,460 hate crimes based upon sexual orientation reported to the FBI, of which 59.2% were classified as anti-male homosexual bias. In a study of lesbian, gay, and bisexual persons, researchers found that roughly 1/5 of the women and 1/4 of the men had been the victim of a hate crime since age 16 (Herek et al., 2007). One in eight women and one in six men had been victimized within the last 5 years.” (P. 3). Also, males are having a hard time dealing with the change in society while trying to maintain their social-sexual role and identity of masculinity, of what they feel it is to be a man. This is according to Levant, R.F. (1996).
Disabilities hatred is yet another serious problem, and according to Elmore (The Psychology of Hate Crimes), “In 2007, 62 hate crimes against individuals with mental disabilities and 20 hate crimes that target those with physical disabilities were reported to the FBI. However, other research suggests that persons with disabilities are 4 to 10 times more likely to be a victim of hate crimes than persons without disabilities. There is also evidence that persons with disabilities are at risk of being abused by those whose job it is to serve or to protect them. Studies have shown that in cases of sexual abuse of persons with disabilities, 48% of the perpetrators were employed in the disability services field and gained access to their victims through the work setting.” (p. 3).
Discussion and Conclusion
It makes sense that young people commit much of the hate crimes as there’s a lot of reasons and causes for them to do so, and thankfully it’s hard to form hate groups (though we still have major gang problems across the country) nowadays as they’re socially shunned and/or taken down by law enforcement if need be, but this means more single individual perpetrated hate crimes occur. Parent and peer pressures and socialization, easily influenced by defamation and stereotypes. Sadly, it’s “cool” to defame and hate certain groups of people, like the Jews, and most of them don’t even know why they do. “Hate the Jews”, even today it is still as strong as ever, has become or stayed a cool “political slogan line” especially among the young (especially on the internet and political rhetoric or demonstrations by liberals) and everyone as well. Now, there’s hostility towards Muslims and Hispanics, due to 9/11 and immigration issues respectively. Also, younger people are more aggressive/violent and emotional as they have more of their hormones flowing around within their bodies. They’re more likely to act out their hate and/or frustrations.
“Race” is the easiest target of hatred, as we hate people whom are different, and “race” is the clearest, most visible, literally with skin color and body/facial bone structure, difference in people. It’s always been our human nature to want nothing to do with people who are different from us (except gender-wise, as we desire and need sex, to continue our species). We form our groups, teams, gangs, countries, and communities of people whom look the same, think the same, and do and act the same as we do. People of European-descent have been one of the worst perpetrators of “racial” hatred in history. Europe, and its many countries, has long been at war with each other. A lot of “racial” (ethnicity and nationality) cleansing or purging, long before Hitler and his mass murdering of Jews, homosexuals, and gypsies. Early on, it was the Romans and those inhuman, non-civilized (which was very inaccurate, as the Romans were much less civilized than other people) “barbarians” (non-Roman). Next, European’s turned their hatred towards the “heathens/pagans”, and the Holy Land (Middle East, Jerusalem) and the Muslims, who were in control of it, with their Crusades of atrocities against the inhuman Muslims. Than, European’s hatred extended to Africans or any dark-skinned person, thinking of them as inhuman animals, and not even sub-human. Sadly, this was carried over to America by them as well, towards the Native Americans, those inhuman “savages”, by the English and Spanish, and than to slavery of Africans and other dark-skinned people, those inhuman “niggers”, and the formation of the Klu Klux Klan (KKK), by the English-Americans in the their newly formed U.S. country until we finally had our Civil War and civil rights movement with MLK, and others. But, sadly it still persists today even as early in our little children, of both “white”-European and “black”-African children, as done by CNN’s somewhat recent shows (“Black in America”) on it. Even the “black”-African children thought that they as black-dark skinned were the “bad” ones, and the white-light skinned were the “good” ones. Europeans aren’t the only ones guilty though of historical “racial” hatred and crime. Asia, and their countries, have been in hateful conflict with each other, especially between China and Japan (Japan’s “Rape of Nanking” war atrocity, genocide, and mass raping of the Chinese). There’s also the hated Mongolians (the “Mongol Horde”, defamatory calling them a Horde as if they’re monsters) that China was at war with (as well as the Mongolians being at war rest of Asia and the eastern half of Europe). They’re also the origin of the defamatory word, inhuman “mongrel”. Also, as we all know, the Middle East, is in hateful conflict with it’s own countries and countries outside of it as well, and with the different ethnicity of people there and around the world (it’s not just due solely to their different religions). Those inhuman “infidels” (non-Muslims) and the Muslims’ “jihad” (struggle) against them.
Religious hate crime is also ancient in its history and often tied/complementary to “racial” hatred, and continues as strong today as ever, especially with the Middle East and their intolerance with inhuman “infidels” (non-Muslims) with their heinous murders-war crimes (suicide bombings and 9/11, and hostage taking and/or decapitations of them, i.e. Iran Hostage Crisis and Daniel Pearl, a member of the press) around the world of innocent people. It’s also getting bad within the U.S. as well, as we have many religious crimes. Atheists vandalizing, burning down, or disrupting services of religious buildings, that leader of a church in Florida who proposed to burn the Koran a while back on the news, the Mosque being built just a few blocks from Ground Zero, and etc.
Gender and sexual orientation based hate crimes are serious problems as well. Recently on the news, a college student committed suicide after being secretly videotaped and exposed having gay sex. There’s probably been crimes caused by the political issue of homosexual marriage/civil rights and with the military’s “Don’t ask, don’t tell” policy currently in legal limbo. Sadly, there’s the massive problem of violence against women by men. This is heightened by the fact that society has changed away from the man’s social-societal role and identity and also putting more and different demands and stresses upon him. This is important to understand as it is likely the underlying cause of much crime perpetrated by males upon society and females. Even more disturbing, whether just reported more or an actual increase, we’ve seen more cases/acts of crimes of pedophilia, especially by women (usually school teachers) on/against young males, young male teens or even male children. This might be partly due to female’s greater power within society and sexualization by our media and society. Lastly, females are becoming much more violent and getting into more physical fights. This could even be a strange twist in gender-societal-sexual roles, as males become more “feminine” to fit into our society, females are now having to take over the “masculinity”, and are now the somewhat more aggressive and violent ones, fighting with each other over or to show off to their male partners.
Disabilities or societal-perceived disabilities is the last of the big targets of hate crimes. Being physically and especially mentally disabled, is a huge stigma and widely despised by society. This is mainly our animal behavior, as a physically disabled animal deteriorates from the pack’s/group’s survival, and especially a mentally disabled animal as well, many animals (including humans sadly, well not usually physically/violently, but we destroy their lives in other ways) will physically attack, tearing apart the mentally disabled animal and killing it, as it too deteriorates from the ruthless order of the pack/group which helps ensues their survival. Poor social or speech/speaking skills is another huge target of hate crime. Since we’re social animals, we disturbingly-criminally feel it is alright to target such people with hatred or hate crime. I never understood what speech or socialization skills has to do with intelligence (Stephan Hawking had his social and speech skills wiped out by his disease, but his great intelligence was completely unaffected), but people whom can’t speak well or whom aren’t very social, misanthropes or “loners”, are always thought of and treated as if they’re stupid or mentally ill (political examples: Bush and Palin), and are often accused or associated with being criminals. Every time you hear a crime on the news, they jump at labeling/defaming the person a “loner” as if that has anything to do or cause of why the accused criminal did what he was accused of doing. As if people with lots of friends or good speaking skills are immune to committing crimes, how absurd! We treat misanthropes or “loners” as if there’s something wrong with them. You must have bundles of friends and constantly “bird-chirp or monkey-chatter” with other people, otherwise there’s something wrong with you! We really crucify/abuse/mistreat/vilify/defame humans whom aren’t as verbally hyper-social as most humans tend to be. We can speak with our bodies and our actions/deeds/character/high standards (“actions are worth a thousand words”) as well, but humans are so obsessed with the verbal language/speech. By always needing to be “hand fed like a baby” with verbal language, we never truly learn to actually understand each other. Also, “lips lie (Mark Land)”, and yet we’re obsessed with verbal language, despite the ability to so easily lie with it. It’s much more difficult to fake or lie with body language or your actual actions. When humans only listen to verbal speech, they become deaf to everything else, and cripple themselves from truly understanding one another.
In conclusion, these targets of hate crimes have posed as an immovable barrier/obstruction towards understanding and getting along with one another, “Us Versus Them”, as sadly, this continues to be our social and psychological behaviors, for as long as humans have existed. Well, now it’s finally time for the psychology of our human behaviors.
Literature Review and Data
According to Coon and Mitterer (2009), “Power or the need for power, is a desire to have impact or control over others (McClelland, 1975)” (p. 389), and “Power assertion, the use of physical punishment or coercion to enforce child discipline (p. G-12). Also, “Aggression is any response made with the intent of harming a person or object” (p. 469). Lastly, “Anxiety, when you are anxious you feel tense, uneasy, apprehensive, worried, and vulnerable” (p. 475).
Discussion and Conclusion
Unfortunately, I’m reaching the limits of this research paper’s requirements, so there’s much more about this massive area of psychology than I’m able to discuss. But, here’s the brief psychology of our behaviors that result in our attitudes of hatreds and acts of hatreds:
Basically, it’s all about power, the ability to get what you want and/or need by controlling other people through various ways, such as aggression (physical force), intimidation (threat of physical force), “sociology and/or politics” (using or threat of using sociology, society, popularity, numbers/quantity/group opinion/mobs/gangs, social status, and/or wealth/economic power), and “sexuality” (using or threat of using or not-using/giving: attraction/seduction, a gender’s body/prostitution/contract involving sex, and/or the desire for sex). Power, as well as for the practical reasons, is also very pleasurable and thus desired independently. Then, there’s also how we respond, either fight (anger/aggression) or flight (fear/anxiety), to threats or obstacles to our pursuit of power, and all the “spoils” that come from having power or attaining power. Lastly, our behaviors of hatred is motivated by envy/jealousy toward others, whom have power or something specific that we need or want to have but don’t have. One clear example of this, is “Class Warfare”, the rich (“haves”) vs the poor (“have nots”).
In conclusion, psychology plays a massive role in the behavior of our hatreds.
1. How do you explain the behavior of the guards in Zimbardo’s prison study from a social psychology perspective? What could be done to prevent this from happening in real prisons?
Everyone, not just the guards, were enslaved in role-playing the scenario to the extreme, that it was actually real and not merely a scientific simulation social-psychological experiment. It was really happening; with real people, and real abuse and crime, and emotional trauma and torturous inhumanly degrading treatment. The “experiment” became very real, and since they are enslaved inside it, none of them realized it, until that outside 3rd party female college student was brought in to witness it, and made her sadly startling comment, taking Zimbardo by shock. He would end up marrying this female college student afterwards. “Beauty (heroine) and the Beast (monster/villain)”, eh? Very disturbing, as she (sadly the only one to do so) cries out against the horror of what he had created when she sees it and then she marries him afterwards... what in the world... so disturbing indeed!
This shows the complete/total power of group-situational/scenario (social-psychological) behavior and our own extreme ability and enslavement to role-play out our assigned social roles. Everyone in the “experiment” was at complete mercy of it and fully-utterly controlled/enslaved or “brainwashed” by it and our social-psychological behaviors. Their minds and consciousness literally “shut off” or went “brain dead”, as not one of them, including Zimbardo himself and the rest of the psychology staff with him as the “sadistic voyeurs”, realized just what actually they were allowing to happen and doing to each other, especially to the heinously unfortunately criminally victimized “volunteered prisoners” or rather were criminally held as real hostages (as they never committed a crime, nor got arrested for it by official law enforcement, nor found guilty and sentenced to imprisonment by an actual court and jury, and nor imprisoned in an official prison, so hence they were criminally held as hostages clearly against their will by Stanford’s Zimbardo, his psychologist staff, and the “guards”), and thus never raised objection to it, never stopped it (until the savior, the outside female college student, heroically spoke up at the horror she was witnessing and not coweringly/cowardly keeping quiet as unfortunately most humans often do or are trained to do, taught to be followers instead of leaders, sighs. People almost never stand up to wrong behavior of others; we just ignore it, watch it (disturbedly/cringingly, neutrally/emotionlessly, or enjoyingly) but don’t do anything, join in, or abandon it and the victimized person. Personally, I see a lot of criminal offenses/charges that took place with it, yet no arrests of any of them, especially Zimbardo who instigated all of it as the ring leader of the atrocious-heinous numerous crimes that resulted from it, sighs.
Again, the “experiment” became real; it literally became a real-live prison! The people who were assigned as the guards, were the guards! They weren’t just acting out this role in experimental simulated imitation, they became real-live guards! The people who were assigned as the prisoners were the prisoners! They weren’t just acting out this role in experimental simulated imitation, they became real-live prisoners! Zimbardo and his psychology staff members with him, weren’t just assigned (by themselves or solely Zimbardo) as the wardens, they were the wardens! They weren’t just acting out this role in experimental simulated imitation, they became real-live wardens! Zimbardo and his psychological staff members with him, weren’t just assigned as psychologists conducting an “experiment”, they were psychologists and conducting an “experiment”! It was an experiment, oh no, it wasn’t real, those innocent volunteer college students weren’t criminally held as real-live hostages in a falsely-unofficial prison without being legally found guilty of a crime to warrant such imprisonment, despite not committing any crimes, oh no, the parents/visitors weren’t criminally lied to, oh no, they didn’t trick the parents/visitors to think that everything was rosy and fine, oh no, the volunteer “prisoners” weren’t tortured, they weren’t abused, they weren’t degraded inhumanly, they weren’t emotionally traumatized, oh no, this was just an experiment, no reason to be disturbed by it, oh no, no reason to stop it, and that’s exactly what happened, until that hero-savior outsider female college student rescued those innocent college students who volunteered for this “experiment”, as well as the ones who were the guards, and Zimbardo and his staff as well, all trapped/enslaved by this “experiment” and their human social-psychological behavior! Yet, no arrests. Zimbardo in his blind psychological zeal instigated all of this absolutely heinously criminal horror, it went from an “experiment” to real before it even began (Shame on Zimbardo for not knowing this would happen! Shame on Zimbardo for not stopping it just from the initial interview with the to-be guards, as they were laughing and thinking this was just a game, an experiment. The nightmare had already begun. Shame on society, law enforcement, and the justice system for not arresting everyone, especially Limbardo, except for obviously the victims, the “prisons”), and yet he wasn’t sent to prison himself for all the real crimes that occurred.
What is even more sick/disturbing, is that it even infected our classroom as well as we watched the tape of it! Not one of us, was disturbed by it, we watched it without objection, without demanding the tape be stopped. We watched it unfold, just as Zimbardo and his staff members watched it unfold. Some of us were laughing at those poor real victimized people clearly being emotionally traumatized and torturously inhumanly degraded and abused. How gross/despicable, and yet we were not even aware of it, just as the guards or Zimbardo and his staff weren’t aware of what they were doing to the prisoners! We watched it sadistically-voyeuristically and even laughed at them as they were emotionally traumatized to the extreme. The one prisoner was so emotionally traumatized that he snapped, desperately “screaming in madness” as a last resort/tactic/hope to try to end the torture done to him and the other prisoners! That’s so inhuman, so criminal! Why weren’t there any arrests? Why didn’t Zimbardo go to prison himself?! Ugh! This is no fake tv film/show by actual actors keeping it pretend/fake, this was real, actual footage of it, and we just like them, just like all humans, behaved the exact same way, we were slaves to our social-psychological behavior as we watched that film!
And this isn’t the only incident of this, as it’s our very behavior (our social-psychological behavior). We see it and do it over and over again. Hitler and the Holocaust. All the genocides around the world and throughout our human history. Ammadinjad and Iran. “Bullying” among kids and adults. No one ever challenges it, never tries to stop it, as we’re enslaved by the situation/scenario and our social-psychological behavior and being taught to be followers and not leaders. People get enslaved/controlled by the situation/scenario and their assigned social role within it, including by the assigned authorities within it as well, just like we saw with Zimbardo’s prison study experiment.
We saw it in the some years ago now (I think) the McDonald’s (or some fast-food restaurant) incident (crime/criminal act). I don’t remember the details exactly, but here’s roughly what happened: Some young female (teenager or young adult) was working at McDonalds (or whatever fast food restaurant) and so was an old married lady (I can’t remember if she had kids or not) late at night. They were the only ones working there at the time. Well this guy (he might have been a released convict, I can’t remember, who knew about sociology-psychology) called up this McDonalds. The old lady answered the phone. This guy lied that he was an FBI agent or some kind of cop and that the young female worker was involved in some serious crime, national security, or was an illegal immigrant (I can’t remember what), and that he needed the old lady to detain and strip search the young female, until lyingly he and “his police unit” could arrive and arrest her. Well, guess what, the old lady obeyed him due to the “situation and because he said he was an authoritative figure”. She even called her (also old) husband, who came down, and they both held the young female hostage and made her take off her clothes. The guy then tells the old lady and her husband to do more stuff, like touch her and such. No need for further detail, and they do so! Afterwards, when this filth/monster guy who had called McDonalds was finally arrested, the old lady and her old husband were flabbergasted and in tears at what they had done to the poor innocent girl (teenager/young adult female). This is again the power of our social-psychological behavior and the situation-scenario we’re enslaved by and helpless to oppose it.
We see how we’re taught to be cowards, as seen in the Richmond School, California (the same school that the real Coach Carter went to, which the basketball achievements of him, was also made into a movie, Coach Carter, some years back now which was before what I’m just now about to talk about occured) gang rape incident (crime). This 12 year old girl was gang raped by a bunch of adult men, and there were like 100 witnesses, and not one of them tried to stop it or even called the cops! They either: ignored it and walked on by or watched it! How vilely depressing is our human social-psychological behavior and our teaching of ourselves to be cowardly followers instead of leaders who would have taken action against such blatant wrongs/crimes. Instead 100 people just allowed a 12 year old girl to get gang raped and did nothing! Ugh!
The “world” (a.k.a. humanity/us human beings, we don’t even admit it, instead in denial using “world” instead of us human beings/humanity) did nothing as Hitler mass murdered millions of Jews, homosexuals, and gypsies. Never again, right? Wrong! Now we got Hitler and Germany #2, but now his name is Ammadinjad and the country is Iran or Jim Kim Il and North Korea. And the world is again doing nothing! So, much for “never again”. And there’s countless more examples, like just one such example, the genocide in Darfur (Sudan, Africa). We do nothing at the world (macro) level. Nor do we do anything at the micro level. We did nothing in the Richmond school (in California, my own state, how embarrassed/ashamed I am being a Californian now) gang rape crime. And there’s the documented such instances, such as one of them, of a man hit by a car in the street and he’s dying, and everyone else just go on with their own lives as if there’s no man out dying in the street. Or, the person who has their car broken down, and yet everyone just continues to drive right on by abandoning and ignoring them. Or, the experiments done by a person who pretends to fall down and hurt himself, and sees if anyone will help him up (it also involved testing attractiveness too. An ugly person vs an attractive person. And gender too, male vs female. The males sure found their “compassion” when the experiment involved a hot sexy female who pretended to fall and get hurt! Instead of no one helping in the other tests, every guy was trying to help her up and seeing if she was alright!). We do nothing as kids or as adults with “bullying”. We just don’t do anything right anymore. We’ve been teaching ourselves for far too long to be cowards and followers, instead of leaders taking a stand against what is wrong and those who do wrong. Also, sadly, only a few people are aware of our social-psychological behavior, despite how gravely serious a problem it is for us, and has been for our entire history. Arguably 7 million and 2010 years, of improving our technology and our science/understanding of the world beyond our wildest dreams and show no signs of stopping, but not ourselves, not our behaviors. We either are extremely slow learners, or we’re not learners at all, when it comes to ourselves and our actions or our behaviors directed upon each other.
There’s also the social group behavior aspect of this too. This behavior is seen in all/most animals that use the power/safety of groups/group forming, and especially with social animals, and so this definitely includes as well, as we use groups more extensively than any other animal, and we’re the most social of all animals as well.
Just as wolves or gorillas will ruthlessly literally-physically tear apart (kill) an individual that deviates from the group, we too do the same thing. We ruthlessly punish those who stray from the group “collective” and its norms. Calling them deviants or criminals, imprisoning them and even executing them or imprisoning them for life too (killing/destroying their lives). Americans especially are ruthless, as we love our death penalty, as many of us agree with it, that there are some behaviors/actions/”crimes” against our society (our group) that deserve death, which exactly the same thing as wolves or gorillas literally-physically-brutally tearing apart (killing) a non-conforming individual. Now, as brutal as this is, for animals who are struggling to survive, “it’s a necessary evil”, but we humans, we’re no longer struggling to survive as small desperate groups of animals just trying to not die of starvation. Yet, we have not abandoned this animal-originating ruthless group behavior and it continues to thrive in our actions seen all over the place. Our society (our group) must be ruthlessly enforced, just as it is with a pack (group-society) of wolves or a group-society of gorillas. The difference though is that they need to do so, but we do not need to anymore! We’re ~7 billion strong (and somewhat “tamed” the planet with our technology), so we’re not exactly struggling to survive anymore, as a few loose roaming groups of animals!
How do we prevent this from happening in real prisons (as if Stanford’s Zimbardo’s prison study experiment wasn’t a real prison too, bah! The one guy snapped and temporarily anyways went insane/mad!)?
The only way human behavior (good or bad, though only stopping bad behavior is what matters of course) can be stopped, is by extreme: “checks and balances”, watchdog groups, intrusive 3rd party oversight, transparency, lack of privacy to commit wrongs/crimes, and etc. Basically the genius of our Founding Fathers and their extensive knowledge of human behavior, as they have given us already the frame work to deal with human behavior, our Constitution of the U.S. and our (original) system of government (that they had set up). Take this same structure used for our government and apply it to prisons or wherever it is needed in human society. Otherwise, we have corruption/abuse/crime and like Zimbardo’s prison study experiment continuing to happen every day in some prison (or wherever in human society) that we know not about as we don’t have such structure in place with them and sadly nor do any of us who are free care about those who are not free in prisons, due to our never-changing social-psychological behavior.
The greatest weakness of wrongdoing and people who do wrong is exposure/publicity and action. We need to remove all places for it and them to hide and thrive, and to take action against it.
The greatest weapon (or strength) of wrongdoing and those who do wrong is them having and maintaining secrecy of their criminal/wrongful acts from us and the inaction by us when we know of their wrongful/criminal actions.
The instant a person’s or a group’s (like a company’s or government agency’s or even a school’s) wrongdoing makes the national news, producing outrage, wow, do they do a 180 and change their actions, decisions, and behavior! It’s probably the most quickest way to change behavior in existence! National (or world even) social exposure/publicity and social reaction/outrage!
Take “Bullying” (harassment/abuse/assault), if the friends (“bullying” among kids) or colleges (“bullying” among adults) of the bully or who are nearby, turn on him/her, oppose and confront, telling him to stop, he’d/she’d stop just from the sheer shock of it! But instead we do nothing or even join in with the bully and his/her “bullying”.
We can also take and use the unstoppable power of our social-psychological behavior for good too, using it to stop bad behavior in people! Social “shunning” or other such social actions/results has incredible power, that is too often used for wrongdoing, instead of being used for good, to stop wrongdoing.
Imagine if Hiter’s SS turned on him and said and enforced, No! Imagine if Rodney King beating’s cops turned on (if there was a single leader/instigator of it) the one cop and said and enforce, No! Imagine if Muslims turned on the terrorists among them and said and enforced, No! Imagine if gang members turned on their leader and said and enforced, No! Imagine if those adult men turned on it, and said and enforced, No! This 12 year old girl is NOT going to be raped by any of us or you! Imagine if those 100 witnesses or “bystanders” had turned on those 12 adult men, and said and enforced, No (either by, yes, “vigilantism” or calling the police. We’re talking about the gang rape of a 12 year old girl, who cares about “vigilantism” as being generally wrong?! Lying is generally wrong, but if a rapist comes to your house and asks you if their escaped victim is hiding inside your house, are you going to tell the truth, because lying is generally wrong? I hope not!)! Imagine if friends, colleges, or others nearby (“bystanders”), turned on the bully, and said and enforced, No!
But, this doesn’t happen, as they’re apart of the group (“Cronyism”) and/or the situation (as “bystanders” or as of their societal role within it). “Cronyism” among your fellow group members, and the social-psychological behavior from the situation/scenario.
Also, we taught ourselves inaction, to be followers, and not to be leaders (who would do, actually do, an action, of what is right, or what, wrongs and wrongdoers, that should be stopped, actionably/actually stopped). But, as followers, we sadly rarely do stand up and do what’s right or stop what’s wrong or those who do wrong.
I concur with Thomas Jefferson and Mao Tse-Tung, but shake my head in complete disappointment with Martin Luther King Jr.
Martin Luther King Jr. forgotten to include two things to his statement. First, denouncing revenge and retaliation, is denouncing justice and retribution (lawyers’ legal euphemisms for the “dirty-bad words of revenge and retaliation”), and is denouncing the aggressive judges’, prosecutors’, police’s, and military’s tenacious work to “protect the people and society (and themselves’, governments’, power and control over the masses/majority)”. Second, and in denouncing justice and retribution, and denouncing the aggressive hard work of those judges, prosecutors, police, and military, it is to denounce the existence of ethics, morality, right and wrong, making things right (or making things right for people) and ending things (or people) that are wrong. Violence is due to real issues that need to be addressed/dealt with, and “love” does not do, nor accomplishes, nor addresses that. And besides, has not history taught us that people have not, do not, and never will “get along” and “love” each other? When has humanity ever truly known and had peace with itself? Has there ever been a single moment when we weren’t at war and conflict with each other? Has humanity ever experienced a single moment of peace?
Also, Martin Luther King Jr.’s statement is utterly irrelevant, ignorant, uninformed, and incorrect. Revenge, aggression, and retaliation, (or more specifically violence), exists because things, peoples, and ideas matter to us, and as long as things, peoples, and ideas matter to us, violence (revenge, aggression, and retaliation) will exist and persist. Like it or not, “Economics 101" and “Biology 101", says that we have needs and wants, I have needs and wants, you have needs and wants, we all have needs and wants, and because there’s limited resources (there’s only so much oil - our current wars, so much fresh water - our future wars, etc), that means competition, that means violence and wars. Like it or not, “Political Science 101" and “Reality 101", says that the ultimate political tool is a weapon, physical force, violence. When all political diplomacy fails, there’s physical force, violence. Can’t talk Hitler out of mass murdering millions of Jews, Gypsies, and Homosexuals, go to war! Send in your military, use physical force, violence! Can’t talk Gaddafi out of mass murdering his own people in Libya, use violence! A cop can’t talk a criminal out of his attempt to murder someone, the cop shoots him dead. A female can’t talk a male out of raping her, use violence, kick/crush his genitals or do whatever you need to do (what’s legally allowed though of course)! Violence (death) ends “people problems”. That dead criminal can’t murder the person he was trying to murder. A dead Osama Bin Laden can’t plan/coordinate/finance/execute more mass murders around the world. That lethally-injected-dead convicted murderer, rapist, or child-rapist can no longer endanger nor harm anyone else. That hanged-dead Saddam Hussein, can no longer mass murder his own people (sending children running across a mine field to clear it and murdering his own family members and having his people “disappear”) and his “enemies” (chemical weapons and many other war atrocities, such as against the Kurds). Lincoln sending general after general to smash the South into defeat during the Civil War. Want to create your own country, the U.S., from England? Have a treasonous Revolutionary War! You want order in your country, use violence. Vlad the Impaler. Stalin. Hitler. Saddam. Gaddafi. the leader of Syria (whatever his name is). Ammadinjad. The former Egyptian leader (Mubarak - I think - Musharif is that former Pakistani leader, there’s so many tyrants I don’t know who’s from where anymore). Etc. Etc. Etc. “Machieveli’s political theories”. Violence gets stuff accomplished, violence can succeed where everything and anything else cannot, just ask any animal, which includes us too, as we are animals. All governments know and use this very well (Not Mexico though, as it’s a failed sovereign state by this description below). Paraphrasing, “A sovereign state is a state that has a monopoly on violence; being able to control and protect itself from its own domestic people and at least can try to protect itself from foreign people or their state”, by some famous psychologist/sociologist who I forgot the name of, sighs.
Also, violence is merely-simply competition as well, and I’d argue if you could go back in time, and could be god, magically removing our violent nature/behavior from early humans, that we would still be prehistoric today, no advanced modern world that we have today, we’d have nothing at all in terms of technology/science and knowledge. Violence and wars requires “better weaponry” than your enemy or you’re dead, and that’s innovation, research, advancement, and development! But, let’s go back even further in time, and remove our quite violent Earth, obviously that would have disastrous effects, no Earth, no life, no us - humans. Let’s not have those violent atoms violently smashing into each other in our sun or any star. Let’s not have that ultimate violence, the Big Bang, hey, what happened to the entire universe, why is it gone? “From death, comes life”. The unenergetic old plant dies to become nutrients for the new energetic plant, “replacing an old weary decrepit inferior model with a new young vibrant energetic superior model”. And, “From destruction, comes creation”. The rebirth of the phoenix, from burnt ashes to a revived revitalized new phoenix. The destructive lava of Hawaii’s volcanoes that burns everything in its path, gives birth to lush-green vegetation, due to its excellent soil composition. “The old gives way or steps aside to or for the new”. “The cycle of life->death->life and/or creation->destruction->creation”. Violence is like a gun, they both are merely a means, a tool, a weapon, which can be used for good/right or evil/wrong. Just as diplomacy or other means of non-violence, can be used for good/right or evil/wrong as well.
As for Thomas Jefferson and Mao Tse-Tung, after coming home and furiously pondering over the topic that you proposed to us, about Nat Turner, of how violent action does “reach people’s ears and causes changes”, I came up with what I believe to be a good example that explains how this is able to work that I think everyone can understand as it’s so familiar to all of us: a cooking pot, a stove’s fire, and boiling water.
Let’s take slavery, as that’s what the Nat Turner discussion dealt with. Imagine slavery and the Southern White slave masters and their plantations as the cooking pot and its lid, the water trapped inside represents the slaves, and the stove’s fire represents the slaves’ violence. If the slaves do nothing, if the stove remains turned off, the water remains trapped in the cooking pot, and slavery continues on forever for the slaves. However, what happens if you turn on the stove? The water boils violently. What happens if the slaves become violence? That violently boiling water (as steam) is going to blast the lid off and escape from the cooking pot, getting free of the cooking pot. So, if the slaves get violent enough (and do enough acts of violence), they too will escape their cooking pot, they will escape and be free of their slavery!
And, as bad as what Nat Turner and his “gang” had done, he was just trying to liberate and save himself, and fighting back against, from being a victim of White’s enslavement Antebellum society of Black slaves, which was far worse and more atrocious than what Nat Turner and his “gang “ had done to so few Whites compared to all the Blacks that White’s have systematically-societally abused, wronged, or murdered.
“Earth the planet in the solar system that miraculously gave birth to life. In the year After Colony 195, with the development of the colonies people now live in new surroundings. Thanks to plentiful natural resources and cultivated technological abilities. However, this new world is nothing but an imitation of human kinds motherland the Earth. But why were the colonies made in the first place? I hear the main purpose was technological development to improve the lives
of human kind on Earth. Did human kind start asking too much from this imitation world? The self-sustained way of life is more stable than life on Earth especially since it lacks natural disasters.
It appeared that this unlimited growth was guaranteeing the eternal existence of human kind. Perhaps there was an age where people dreamed of the possibilities in the outer space; where they could start from scratch. However it's unthinkable that the colonies or that humankind will ever forget the Earth.
What did technological development in the colonies bring to the Earth? The kind of technology the Earth wants most: military power. Destruction is part of human nature that can never be gotten rid of; and now the colonies are developing a militaristic disposition. The colonies cannot forget the Earth.
The Earth has great beauty. The animals known as humans have acquired such strength that they even think about controlling this planet for themselves. From the point of view of a planets life the life of a living thing lasts no more than an instant. But in the end, it is only themselves that humans can think of. Nothing changes. The time spent by humans in outer space has been a complete
waste. The ideal is just a dream.
This false pacifism. This false living space. Outer space is nothing but a breeding ground for even more battles in the future. Wars throughout history have claimed many lives. Although human kind has never been able to forget the sorrow that has been caused by the wars, they have not stopped fighting. The blood and tears they shed in battle are merely ceremonial. One can't speak of history without referring to the wars in each era as important events. I'm sure the pale
pep talks of fighting for peace have been repeated numerous times in the past. The colonies say they need armaments to maintain peace. It's no different from on Earth. The colonies think they have joined the big boys. I guess they believe that the bloodshed would lead to higher morale [to further unite the colonies].
So why do people fight anyway? Perhaps the meaning of human existence lies within their will to fight. People feel a sense of accomplishment through battle. And it's also a fact that the ones who are actually fighting are never perceived as being tainted.”
“The heartbeat of humanity: War -> Peace -> Revolution -> War -> Peace -> Revolution -> and on and on”
“Ever since we first stood upright, we have continued to write our blood-stained history.”
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