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Thread: The Martial Arts Styles Discussion Thread

  1. #1
    in absentia 有名人 / Yuumeijin / Celebrity saladesu's Avatar
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    The Martial Arts Styles Discussion Thread

    HSDK obviously has a ton of different martial arts. Here's where you can discuss these martial arts and give/read some background info on them

    I'll start with a few (list of practitioners is far from exhaustive as well)...

    Karate 空手
    Practitioners: Sakaki Shio, Hongou Akira, Kanou Shou

    Karate is a martial art developed in the Ryukyu Islands in what is now Okinawa, Japan. It was developed from indigenous fighting methods called te and Chinese kempo. Karate is a striking art using punching, kicking, knee and elbow strikes, and open-handed techniques such as knife-hands (karate chop). Grappling, locks, restraints, throws, and vital point strikes are taught in some styles.

    Karate was developed in the Ryukyu Kingdom prior to its 19th century annexation by Japan. It was brought to the Japanese mainland in the early 20th century during a time of cultural exchanges between the Japanese and the Ryukyuans. In 1922 the Japanese Ministry of Education invited Gichin Funakoshi to Tokyo to give a karate demonstration. In 1924 Keio University established the first university karate club in Japan and by 1932, major Japanese universities had karate clubs. In this era of escalating Japanese militarism, the name was changed from 唐手 ("Chinese hand") to 空手 ("empty hand") – both of which are pronounced karate – to indicate that the Japanese wished to develop the combat form in Japanese style.

    Source + More Info


    Quan Fa (Chinese Kempo) 拳法
    Practitioners: Ma Kensei, Ma Sougetsu, Ma Renka, Tanimoto Natsu

    Chinese martial arts, also referred to by the Mandarin Chinese term wushu and popularly as kung fu, are a number of fighting styles that have developed over the centuries in China. Chinese Kempo is no-nonsense self defense that emphasizes hard body contact, rapid-fire strikes to vulnerable targets, and close range techniques (like knee and elbow strikes) that lead into joint locks and breaks and take-downs. Equally emphasized is the focus on alertness and awareness, and on the moral and legal responsibility of being a martial artist.

    The genesis of Chinese martial arts has been attributed to the need for self-defense, hunting techniques and military training in ancient China. Hand-to-hand combat and weapons practice were important in training ancient Chinese soldiers. According to legend, Chinese martial arts originated during the semi-mythical Xia Dynasty more than 4,000 years ago. It is said the Yellow Emperor Huangdi (legendary date of ascension 2698 BCE) introduced the earliest fighting systems to China.

    Source + More Info


    Juujutsu 柔術
    Practitioners: Kouetsuji Akisame, Kushinada Mikumo, Kushinada Chikage

    Juujutsu is Japanese martial art and a method of close combat for defeating an armed and armored opponent in which one uses no weapon, or only a short weapon. Juujutsu evolved among the samurai of feudal Japan as a method for defeating an armed and armored opponent in which one uses no weapon, or only a short weapon. Because striking against an armored opponent proved ineffective, practitioners learned that the most efficient methods for neutralizing an enemy took the form of pins, joint locks, and throws. These techniques were developed around the principle of using an attacker's energy against him, rather than directly opposing it.

    Several theories explain the origins of juujutsu. One theory holds that in the 17th century, a Chinese man named Chen Yuan Ping introduced the techniques of juujutsu to three ronin - Fukuno Hichiroemon, Miura Yojiemon, and Isogai Jirozaemon. The other theory propounded by the Youshin-ryuu holds that a doctor named Akiyama Shirobei from Nagasaki devised juujutsu upon his return from China where he learned the art of hakuda. Yet another theory claims that juujutsu began "in the age of the gods" and is a purely Japanese invention.

    Source + More Info


    Muay Thai มวยไทย
    Practitioners: Apachai Hopachai

    Muay Thai is a hard martial art from Thailand that uses stand-up striking along with various clinching techniques. Descended from muay boran, Muay Thai is Thailand's national sport. In Thailand, Muay Thai evolved from muay boran (ancient boxing), an unarmed combat method which would probably have been used by Siamese soldiers after losing their weapons in battle. Some believe that the ancient Siamese military created Muay Boran from the weapon-based art of krabi krabong but others contend that the two were merely developed alongside each other.

    As well as being a practical fighting technique for use in actual warfare, muay became a sport in which the opponents fought in front of spectators who went to watch for entertainment. These muay contests gradually became an integral part of local festivals and celebrations, especially those held at temples. It was even used as entertainment for kings.

    Source + More Info


    Muay Boran มวยโบราณ
    Practitioners: Agaard Jum Sai, Tirawit Koukin

    Muay Boran is an umbrella term for the unarmed martial arts of Thailand prior to the introduction of modern equipment and rules. It is the ancestor of modern Muay Thai. While Muay Thai is often called the "science of eight limbs", muay boran is said to make use of nawa awut which means nine weapons and refers to the hands, legs, elbows, knees and head.

    What is now known as muay boran was created after a series of attacks by Myanmar resulted in Ramathibodi moving the central government to the former Khmer stronghold of Ayutthaya. Warriors had to be adept at fighting both with and without weapons. During the 19th and early 20th centuries, the modern boxing ring was introduced and codified rules were put into place. These included the rules that the fighters should wear western gloves and cotton coverlets over their feet and ankles. Many of the old techniques were either banned or became impractical for the new type of matches. Traditionally, Muay Thai masters would teach the techniques of muay boran to advanced students but this is not often done today.

    Source + More Info


    Pencak Silat
    Practitioners: Silcardo Jenazad, Radin Tidat Jihan

    Pencak Silat is an umbrella term for the martial arts created in Indonesia. The pencak silat tradition is mostly oral, having been passed down almost entirely by word of mouth. In the absence of written records, much of its history is known only through myth and archaeological evidence. The primary weapons of Indonesia's tribal peoples were the single-edge sword, shield and javelin.

    The earliest evidence of silat being taught in a structured manner comes from the Sumatra-based empire of Srivijaya where folklore tells that it was created by a woman named Rama Sukana who witnessed a fight between a tiger and a large bird. By using the animals' movements, she was able to fend off a group of drunken men that attacked her. She then taught the techniques to her husband Rama Isruna from whom they were formally passed down.

    Source + More Info
    Last edited by saladesu; December 20, 2010 at 11:55 PM.

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