Re: Italian Language
Thank you = Grazie. (Pronounced grotseeay.) If you want to be more thankful, then go for grazie mille. (I'm pretty sure it's mille, but I might be wrong on that.)
You're welcome = Siete benvenuti when talking to multiple yous. (As in you guys are welcome.) In the singular, I'm fairly certain that it would be sei benvenuti. (Pronounced siehteh benvenootee and say benvenootee respectively.)
Good Morning = Buona mattina. (I'm putting hyphens between the syllables for this so the vowels don't get all squished. Boo-oh-na motteenah.)
Good Day = Buon Giorno. (Pronounced bon jorno.)
Good Evening = Buona Sera. (This one is easy to pronounce.)
Good Night = Buona Notte (Notte is pronounced notteh.)
How are you? = Come stai? Or, Come Va? in the plural. (Come is pronounced cohmay. The others are easy to stay. Ai makes the sound the letter "i" makes by it self, as opposed to "ee", which you see often in Italian.)
There are quite a few ways to reply to that. Bene = Good, while Molto bene = Very good. (Pronounced behneh.) Cosi-cosi = So-so, but I'm pretty sure the I's are accented. (Pronounced cozy-cosy, just with the stress on the last syllable since the i's are accented. I can't seem to find the cryllic characters, or whatever they're called. =/) If you are doing bad, you say Male, (Pronounced Maleh.) or molto male for very bad.
I'm happy to hear that = Sono felice di sentire quello. The sentence structure of that can be a bit confusing. In Italian, when using the verb to be, essere, you don't need to use the subject pronoun like I, You, He/She/It, We, You, They. The thing is that the subject pronoun is useful sometimes, since both Io and Loro, I and they use sono for the verb. Alot of that kind of stuff is just in the context. Anyway, you just conjugate, so that's where you get sono. (I am.) It's pronounced sono felichay (in English ch is soft as in choo-choo, while in Italian it's hard, as in chiesa (church) so that's always something to be careful of.) dee senteeray quelloh.
What are you doing? = Che cosa state facendo? As for the pronunciation, this is another good example of the ch thing I talked about above. It's pronounce kay kosa stateh fachendo.
Have fun! = Abbia divertimento! This is pronounced abbeeah deeverteementoh. I could be wrong, but the more literal translation of that might be something about being amused, since amusing = divertente.